Information About L.A. County's Rent Stabilization Ordinance
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ABOUT THE COUNTY’S RENT STABILIZATION ORDINANCE
What is the Los Angeles County Rent Stabilization Ordinance (RSO)?
The County’s Rent Stabilization Ordinance is a local law that limits rent increases above the allowable limit within a 12-month period, and provides “just cause” eviction protections for most residential rental units in the unincorporated areas of Los Angeles County. The RSO went into effect on April 1, 2020.
Which rental units are covered by the County’s RSO?
There are two categories of protections under the County’s RSO:
- Fully Covered Units, which have rent restrictions and “Just Cause” eviction protections; and
- Partially Covered, or “Just Cause” only units, which protect tenants from evictions without “Just Cause” and applies to most rental units in unincorporated LA County
Fully Covered Units must:
- Be located in unincorporated Los Angeles County; and
- Be a residential dwelling on a property with two or more rental units, such as apartment complexes and duplexes; and
- Have an initial Certificate of Occupancy or equivalent issued on or before February 1, 1995
To find out if a rental unit is in unincorporated Los Angeles County visit the Los Angeles County Registrar-Recorder/County Clerk website at lavote.net/precinctmap, select “District Look Up by Address” and type the number and street name of the rental unit. You can also contact us at 833-223-7368 for more information.
How much can rent be increased each year?
The RSO limits rent increases based on changes in the Consumer Price Index. The current allowable increase is 3% for rent restricted units through June 30, 2021. The RSO does not limit rent increases for rental units covered only by “Just Cause” eviction protections. However, the State may limit how much rent can be increased for these units.
Can a landlord ever increase rent by more than what is allowed by the RSO or pass on other costs to tenants?
Yes. In certain situations, landlords may increase rent by more than the allowable limit if they can demonstrate that they are not receiving a fair return on the property.
Landlords may also pass on costs related to certain improvements, annual registration fees, and the Safe Clean Water Act (Measure W parcel tax). Most of these increases cannot take place without first receiving the County’s approval. Any allowable pass-throughs are not considered rent and should always be listed as a separate line item.
What if a landlord increases rent by more than what’s allowed?
If a landlord increases rent by more than what the RSO allows, tenants may submit an Application for Rent Adjustment, which the department will review and make a determination on.
Can tenants be evicted for any reason?
It depends. If the rental unit is covered by the RSO, tenants can only be evicted for one of the “Just Cause” reasons listed below, which is broken into two categories: At-fault and No-fault.
At-Fault: Tenant has broken the rental agreement in one or more of the following ways:
- Failure to pay rent within three days of receiving written notice from the landlord demanding payment
- Material breach of rental agreement (if a tenant has not fixed the problem within 10 days of receiving notice from the landlord)
- Failure to provide landlord reasonable access to the rental unit
- Creating a nuisance or using the rental unit for illegal purposes
- Failure to sign a substantially similar lease
- Failure to move out of the rental unit as required by an approved relocation application
- Household is above income limits in government regulated units
No-Fault (may require relocation assistance): Landlords can evict a tenant who has not broken the agreement for the following reasons:
- Owner move-in: Landlord or their spouse, registered domestic partner, children, grandchildren, dependent aunt or uncle, parents or grandparents want to move into the rental unit
- Landlord wishes to demolish or remove the property from the rental housing market per Government Code sections 7060 through 7060.7
- Government order
Does a landlord need to provide tenants with relocation assistance?
It depends. If a tenant is being evicted for a No-Fault reason or the landlord needs to complete certain repairs that cannot be done while the tenant remains in the unit, the tenant may be entitled to receive relocation assistance.
Do landlords have to register their rental unit(s) with the County?
Yes. Landlords are required to register all rental units annually, including changes in tenancy, rental rate, and amenities by September 30 of each calendar year.
Is there a fee for landlords to register rental units with the County?
Yes. Landlords are required to pay a fee of $30.00 for “Just Cause” only units, and $90.00 for Fully Covered Units, unless the property qualifies for an exemption. If landlords register their properties by the deadline, they can pass-through half of the fee to tenants.
The initial fee will be waived if the property is registered by March 31, 2021.
NOTE: DCBA is not currently accepting applications for registration. Please check our website for updates.
What if a landlord or tenant has violated the RSO?
Contact the Rent Stabilization Program at 833-223-7368 to speak with one of our counselors and learn more about what steps can be taken.
📞 (833) 223-RENT
On November 19, 2019, the County of Los Angeles Board of Supervisors approved a mobilehome rent stabilization ordinance. Rent stabilization is a local law that standardizes the amount of rent increases permitted. This ordinance is effective April 1, 2020. Contact us for more information.
How do I determine if a mobilehome park is in the unincorporated Los Angeles County?
Visit the Los Angeles County Registrar-Recorder/County Clerk website at lavote.net/precinctmap and type the number and street name of the mobilehome park.
What is the allowable increase for this year?
The maximum allowable increase for mobilehome space rent from April 1, 2020 through June 30, 2020 is three percent (3%). Afterwards, the maximum allowable increase for mobilehome space rent effective from July 1, 2020 through June 30, 2021 is three percent (3%).
My park owner recently raised my rent. Does the ordinance apply to me?
If the rent was increased by three percent or more on or after February 13, 2018, rent must be capped at that rate for the next 12 months. If rent was increased by less than three percent on or after February 13, 2018, the park owner can increase rent by a percentage—when added to the previous increase—that would not exceed a cumulative three-percent increase. This rate is capped for the next 12 months.
Can a park owner ever raise the rent more than what’s allowed by the ordinance?
If a park owner believes the ordinance keeps them from receiving a fair and reasonable return in operation of the mobilehome park and wants to increase rent more than three percent, they can file an application with the Los Angeles County Department of Consumer and Business Affairs (DCBA). The park owner must provide evidence to support their claim.
What if a park owner is not complying with the ordinance?
If a homeowner-resident believes a park owner is increasing rent more than what’s allowed by the ordinance, they can file an application with DCBA. The homeowner-resident must provide evidence to support their claim. If it is determined that the park owner is not in compliance, the County can fine the park owner up to $1,000 per offense, per day. A park owner can appeal any fine by filing an appeal with the Rental Housing Oversight Committee (RHOC).
Does the ordinance impact a long-term lease of more than one year?
The ordinance does not impact certain agreements such as long-term leases of more than 12 months. The California Mobilehome Residency Law requires that rental agreements exempt from any local ordinance shall state in the first sentence of the first paragraph that the rental agreement will be exempt from any ordinance, rule, regulation, or initiative measure adopted by any local governmental entity which establishes a maximum amount that a landlord may charge a tenant for rent.
ABOUT CALIFORNIA STATE MOBILEHOME RESIDENCY LAWS
Does state law regulate rent increases in mobilehome parks?
State law, also known as the Mobilehome Residency Law (MRL), does not regulate how much rent can be charged or increased. State law does require a 90-day advance written notice to increase rent for all rental agreements. However, if a homeowner-resident has a long-term lease, the lease will limit rent adjustments to fixed amounts and will say how often rents are adjusted.
Does a homeowner-resident have to sign a long-term lease, or are there other options?
- Homeowner-residents have 30 days to accept or reject a long-term lease.
- Homeowner-residents have the option of requesting a month-to-month or annual rental agreement.
- If a homeowner-resident rejects a long-term lease of more than 12 months, the park owner cannot increase the rent above the terms provided for in the rejected long-term lease, for one year after the rejection date.
- Homeowner-residents are allowed 72 hours to cancel the lease by notifying park management in writing.
Can the park manager force homeowner-residents to sign a long-term lease, causing them to lose rent control protections?
- If the current homeowner-resident is residing in the park, they can reject a long-term lease and opt for a shorter term with the same terms and conditions contained in the long-term lease.
- Homeowner-residents have 30 days to review and accept or reject a long-term lease and are given 72 hours to cancel the lease by notifying park management in writing.
- Buyers, or prospective residents, may not have the option to reject a long-term lease.
Is the park allowed to issue an eviction notice to a homeowner without explanation?
In a mobilehome park, a homeowner-resident’s tenancy can only be terminated for just cause. There are seven authorized reasons for termination specified in state law, including violation of a park rule or regulation. Park management must specify which rule was broken, explain the details and advise what to do to correct the violation. Park management must give the homeowner-resident seven days to correct the violation. If the resident violates a rule more than twice in a 12-month period, park management may proceed with eviction whether or not the resident corrected the violation.
Can park management evict a homeowner-resident for late rent payments?
Yes. The homeowner-resident has five days from the due date to pay rent. If the rent is late, the park can give the homeowner-resident a 3-day notice to pay or risk eviction in 60 days. A homeowner-resident can be evicted if they pay their rent late more than three times within a 12-month period.
What rights do mobilehome tenants have in the case of an eviction?
Tenants who rent, but do not own, their mobilehomes are subject to eviction protections and procedures in conventional landlord-tenant law. Under State law, tenants in rental homes for less than one year generally are entitled to a written 30-day notice of termination if there is no cause for termination. Tenants in rental homes for one year or more generally are entitled to a written 60-day notice of termination if there is no cause for termination.
Click here for more information about the ordinance.
- Phone: (833) 223-RENT (7368)
- Email: Rent@dcba.lacounty.gov
- For more information, visit rent.lacounty.gov